Oxford History: The High


119: Ede & Ravenscroft

119 High Street

The property on the site of this house (excluding the shop at street level) and Nos. 117 and 118 to the east was known as Redcock's in 1419 when it was bought by Oxford City Council.

For details of the leaseholders of Nos. 118–119 High Street from 1580 to 1842, see H. E. Salter, Oxford City Properties (Oxford Historical Society, 1926), pp. 126–129.

No. 119 is a timber-framed building and was rebuilt by Charles Prince in 1703, but the windows on the first floor are Georgian. It is a Grade II listed building (List Entry No. 1145854). It was in the parish of All Saints until that church was deconsecrated in 1971. It is now in the parish of St Michael-at-the-Northgate Church.

In 1772 a survey of every house in the city was taken in consequence of the Mileways Act of 1771. No. 119 was then in the occupation of a Mrs King, and its frontage measured 4 yds 1 ft 7 in.

Thomas Taylor, printseller, took out a forty-year lease this shop in 1828, the rent being £1: 2s and two capons. At the time of the 1841 census he was described as a stamp distributor and lived here with his wife Elisabeth and son Thomas. All three still lived here in 1851: Thomas (77) was described as a Magistrate and Distributor of Stamps and his son Thomas junior (40) as a landscape artist and Assistant Stamp Distributor. They had now one servant. Thomas Taylor senior died here at the age of 84 and was buried in All Saints churchyard on 3 April 1858.

In 1861 his son Thomas Taylor junior was on his own here: he was now described as a stamp distributor, suggesting that he had taken over the business. He was still here at the time of the 1871 census, but died here in December 1873 at the age of 63.

On 24 October 1874 Jackson's Oxford Journal reported that the publishing office of the Oxford Chronicle had moved here, and that a large printing office was in the course of construction at the rear by Mr Selby, from the plans of Mr Shirley.

The Oxford Chronicle & Berks and Bucks Gazette was printed and published on these premises from 1874 to 1929. It had started life in 1837, when it was known as the Oxford City & County Chronicle: its printing office was at 127 High Street; and its publishing office was at 122 High Street (until it was demolished in 1867) and then at St Aldate’s. But its first purpose-built premises were at this shop: Jackson’s Oxford Journal of 28 October 1874 (p. 7c) reported that a large printing office was then under construction at the rear of No. 119, designed by Mr  Shirley and built by Mr Selby; and soon afterwards the printing and publishing offices were amalgamated here. After 1914 the Oxford Chronicle retreated to the printing office behind, and it was amalgamated with the Oxford Times in 1929.

At the time of the 1881 census the premises were let to Robert Joshua Holiday, a wine merchant and his wife. They had two servants.

No one appears to have been living on these premises in 1901 or 1911.

This has been a tailor's shop since 1914.

Occupiers of 119 High Street


Thomas Taylor, Bookseller (& Stamp Office by 1839)

Thomas Taylor junior, Landscape artist (1839–1853), then Stamp Office


Oxford Chronicle, Publishing Office:
Oxford Chronicle & Berks & Bucks Gazette; Oxford Railway Guide


Frederick G. Mullins, Tailor (and at Nos. 117 and 118)

Premises behind: Oxford Chronicle Co. Ltd, Printers (to 1929)

John Jefferies & Co., Seed merchants (to 1923)


Hall Bros Ltd, tailors

Premises behind: The photographer Cyril Arapoff had a studio here


Ede & Ravenscroft Ltd, Tailors

©Stephanie Jenkins

Last updated: 5 June, 2021

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