Oxford History: Mayors & Lord Mayors


Sir John Treacher II (1740–1807)

Mayor of Oxford 1784/5

Sir John Treacher

John Treacher the younger was born in 1740, the son of Thomas Treacher, a gentleman of Pyrton in Oxfordshire.

When he was about eleven, his father died and on 8 January 1751/2 was buried at Stoke Talmage Church (which was often used by the people of Pyrton in preference to their own parish church).

On 25 March 1754 Treacher was taken on as an apprentice brewer by his uncle John Treacher the elder, who was himself Mayor in 1741, 1754, and 1763.

John Treacher the younger was sworn in as Mayor’s Child by John Knibb on 13 October 1773 and immediately took up his place as Chamberlain. He was chosen senior bailiff in September 1778.

His uncle and former master John Treacher the elder died on 22 March 1780 and left him £200 in his will, leaving everything else to his son the Revd. Thomas Treacher. John continued to run the brewing business for his cousin.

John Treacher the younger was elected one of the Mayor’s eight Assistants in April 1784, and Mayor the following September (for 1784/5). (Two Mayors had died in office in the year 1783/4, which may explain why he attained the position so quickly.) He named James Tagg as his Chamberlain and William Folker as his Child. During his year of office Treacher was elected an Alderman, paying the macebearer the usual “Jacobus piece of gold and £10 according to custom and £10 in lieu of entertainment”.

In 1785 during his term as Mayor, King George III and Queen Charlotte and their six children paid an official visit to Oxford, and Treacher was knighted.

After his term of office as Mayor, Sir John Treacher continued to serve as an Alderman. On 3 January 1786 he gave 500 loaves to be distributed among needy Freemen and their widows.

The Revd Thomas Treacher died in 1786 (just eight years after his father) leaving no issue, and Sir John Treacher took over his cousin's brewery.

In February 1787 Sir John was given permission “to take down at his expense and make such alterations as he shall think proper in the houses and buildings in the parish of St. Thomas, alias St. Nicholas, now in the occupation of Ralph Stevens and Elizabeth Morgan”.

On 3 February 1789 Sir John’s mother died at Shabbington, Buckinghamshire, and on 6 September that year he took on as an apprentice brewer John Evetts, the son of a Grandpont bargeman.

On 6 September 1789 Sir John took on John Evetts as an apprentice brewer.

In 1791 Sir John was elected one of the Market Committee.

In April 1795 Sir John was granted a new lease of a vault under the Town Hall for a fine of £3 (which he assigned to Richard Cox, banker in April 1801).

In 1798 Sir John Treacher resigned from being an Alderman and a Commissioner of Sewers or Barges through ill health.

† It was announced in Jackson’s Oxford Journal on 24 January 1807 that Sir John Treacher had died n 17 January 1807 at the age of 67. On 22 January he was buried in his family vault at Stoke Talmage Church, and was described in the parish register as “Sir John Treacher, Knight, from Oxford”.

See also:

  • John Treacher I (Mayor 1741, 1754, and 1763)
  • Portrait of Sir John Treacher by Margaret Fletcher in the Assembly Room of the Town Hall (shown above)
  • MS Wills Oxon W. Bd. Aff. 220.119; 109.120; 247/4/14; 276/3/95 (Will of Sir John Treacher)
  • PRO Ref IR 26/399: Abstract of Will of Sir John Treacher, Knight of Oxford, proved in the Court of Oxford, August 13 1807
  • Inland Revenue death duties IR 36/399 (13 August 1807)
  • Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 24 January 1807 (death notice)
  • Malcolm Graham, Oxford City Apprentices 1697–1800, entries numbered 2092 and 2668
  • Financial papers relating to Sir John Treacher’s Brewery in Oxford for the years 1764–1825: Oxfordshire Record Office (B15/1/F1); catalogue in NRA (39772 Hall’s)

©Stephanie Jenkins

Last updated: 3 January, 2021

Oxford Mayors home Small Shark Oxford History home