Oxford History: The High

Backwards
Forward

46 & 47: Sahara


46-47 High Street

Nos. 46 & 47 occupy this green block, which was rebuilt by St Edmund Hall in 1975 in the late eighteenth-century style. It was designed by Gilbert Howes, and incorporates college accommodation above.

Nos. 46 & 47 were turned into a single shop in 2005.

46 High Street

Francis T. Cooper was originally a hatter and hosier in the former shop that was on this site. After acting as an agent for Ridgeway’s Tea he went over to become a grocer in about 1845, and in the 1851 census is described as “Tea dealer and Italian warehouse”. He was then living over the shop with his wife Decima, his three young sons Frank, Frederick, and Arthur, his porter and three shop assistants, and two servants. He also found room for two lodgers (a barrister and his wife). In 1856 Cooper moved his shop to 83 High Street, where his son Frank was to create Frank Cooper’s Oxford Marmalade.

It then became a draper’s shop under Henry Stew, who at the time of the 1861 census was a widower living upstairs with his four young children, three servants, and three lodgers (two of his shop assistants and the Curate of St Mary Magdalen Church). The shop was then owned by Tyrrell Knapp of Headington Hill, and was auctioned under the terms of his will in 1869. It was described as a large shop extending to a depth of 116 feet with a plate-glass front, a sitting room and drawing room on the first floor, nine bedrooms, a kitchen, cellar, stable, offices, garden, and yeard, with a side entrance. It was currently let at £90 per annum. Henry Stew remained the tenant, and by 1881 he had married again and had five children.


47 High Street

Miss Elizabeth Dry, a fundholder, lived at No. 47 with a servant at the time of the 1851 census: a small household compared with the 13 in the matching house next door. It was a private house or lodging house from the 1830s until it was rebuilt in 1975.

Occupiers of 46 & 47 High Street
Darker background = occupier of former building on this site

Date

46 High Street

47 High Street

By 1839–1853 

Francis Thomas Cooper
Hatter, hosier etc. (to 1852)
Grocer & Italian warehouse (from 1853)

Miss Elizabeth Dry

1866

Henry Stew
Draper & mercer

F. Winter Clarke, General Medical Practitioner

1872–1880

Henry Banks Spencer, M.D., Surgeon

1884–1894

T. Carter & Frederick Carter, Lodging house

1898–1904

Ernest W. Twining
(later Twining Bros.)
Grocer

1905–1912

Mrs C. Knott, Lodging house

1913–1916

Walter James Carter

1918–1920

Percy R. Gillam
University lodging house

1921–1932

Andrews (Oxford) Ltd., Saddlers

1932–1939

Not listed:
probably university lodgings

1941

Nicholson & Kenn, Works of art

1943–1954

Slatter & Rose Ltd.
Booksellers, newsagents & stationers

1956–1968

Wyman’s, Bookseller
(& Post Office in 1962)

John Menzies in 1968 only

1969–1976

Vacant/Being rebuilt

Vacant/Being rebuilt

1976–1992

?

?

1993–1998

?

Save the Children Charity Shop

By 1998–2004

Sahara, Ladies’ fashion

2005–present

Sahara

©Stephanie Jenkins

Last updated: 16 September, 2012

The High home Small Shark Oxford History home