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32: Warden’s House, All Souls College


Warden’s House, All Souls College

This house for the Warden of All Souls College was built in 1704–6 by Dr George Clark (1661–1736), Fellow and Benefactor. It was refronted in 1876–7 by David Robertson. It is jointly Grade II listed with the range to the east (List Entry No. 1046757). It has always been in the parish of St Mary-the-Virgin.

The engraving below shows the Warden's House in 1834:

33 to 38 High Street in 1834

At the time of the 1851 census the Warden, Lewis Sneyd (62) was living here at 32 High Street with six servants. These comprised his butler, whose wife acted as his cook & housekeeper, and their two children, plus a footman, kitchenmaid, and two housemaids.

At the time of the 1871 census Francis Knyvett Leighton (64), the Warden of All Souls College and the Rector of East Lockinge in Berkshire, was described as married but was living here alone with three servants (a butler, housemaid, and under-housemaid). In 1881 his wife, his married daughter, and his sister were all with him, and they had ten servants living with them (a housekeeper, nurse, three ladies’ maids, an upper housemaid, under housemaid, kitchenmaid, butler, and footman).

Later in 1881 William Anson became Warden of All Souls, the first who was not also a cleric: aged 39 was just over half the age of his predecessor. In Memories of Victorian Oxford Sir Charles Oman wrote, “Sir William Anson … remained all his life a bachelor, his house being kept for him by detachments of his numerous body of sisters.”

Former Wardens of All Souls College likely to have lived in this house

1702–1746

Bernard Gardiner

1726–1766

Stephen Niblett

1766–1793

John Tracy, 7th Viscount Tracy

1793–1817

Edmund Isham

1817–1827

Edward Legge (also Bishop of Oxford 1816–1827)

1827–1858

Lewis Sneyd

1858–1881

Francis Knyvett Leighton

1881–1914

Sir William Reynell Anson

1915–1932

Francis William Pember

1932–1933

Frederic Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford

1933–1945

William George Stewart Adams

1947–1951

Benedict Humphrey Sumner

1951–1952

Sir Hubert Douglas Henderson

1952–1977

John Hanbury Angus Sparrow

1977–1995

Patrick Neill

1995–2008

John Davis

©Stephanie Jenkins

Last updated: 25 August, 2021

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