Oxford History: The High


14: Caffè Nero

14 High Street

The present Nos. 13–16 High Street were built in 1773–4 by John Gwynn to form the frontage to the new covered market and were known as “New Parade”. Nos. 13, 14, and 15 are jointly Grade II listed (List Entry No. 1369376, numbered as 12–15). No. 16 on the right is separately Grade II listed (List Entry No. 1047270). The four shops forming the original market front were in the parish of All Saints until that church was deconsecrated in 1971. They are now in the parish of St Michael-at-the-Northgate Church.

There is an avenue into the market in the centre of this group between Nos. 14 and 15 (shown above), and another one on each side.

At the time of the 1851 census the tailor John Embling lived here at No. 14 over his shop with his wife and a general servant. They were still there in 1861; in 1871 it was just John Embling, who was now a widower, and his two servants.

In 1881 Arthur Williams Bickerton, tobacconist and wine merchant, lived upstairs here. He was an unmarried man of 33 and lived with his 13-year-old nephew, and a housekeeper, clerk, and domestic servant.

No one lived over this shop at the time of the 1901 or 1911 censuses.

Occupiers of 14 High Street

To 1839

Harris, Tailor


John & James Embling (1839); then John Embling, Tailor


Thomas Bickerton [later Bickerton Bros.], Tobacconist


Bartlett & Jones, Cigar & wine merchants


G. T. Jones, Cigar importer & wine & spirit merchant


Webber’s (part of) [see also Nos. 9, 10–12, 13, and 15]


Sketchley Cleaners Ltd


Caffè Nero

©Stephanie Jenkins

Last updated: 28 May, 2021

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