CORNMARKET, OXFORD

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31 Cornmarket Street: Vacant


31 Cornmarket

The building on this site has always been in the parish of St Michael-at-the-Northgate Church.

For leases granted by Oxford City Council between 1581 and 1787 for 29, 30, 31, & 32 Cornmarket Street, see H. E. Salter, Oxford City Properties, pp. 246–248.

In the early nineteenth century William Tredwell or Treadwell ran a Wagon & Van Office from the former house at 31 Cornmarket Street and its yard to the south. By 1839 it was run by his daughter Miss Ann Tredwell, who was described as an office keeper here at the time of the 1841 census.

On 17 October 1857 Lowe & Heydon, wholesale and retail ironmongers, announced that they were moving here from St Aldate's.

Pearson can

In 1882 Arthur Pearson (who had already bought Boswell’s shop at its original premises on the other side of the road at 50 Cornmarket Street) bought No. 31 from the ironmonger Alderman James Stanley Lowe. Boswell ran his own ironmonger’s shop here until 1912, when he moved his premises to George Street.

 

Right: Oil/paraffin can sold by Pearson's irnmongers here at 31 Cornmarket Street. The detail below shows that the metal plate reads:
A. PEARSON & Co / IRONMONGERS / OXFORD

Detail of oil can

Pearson rebuilt 31 Cornmarket in 1912 and opened the Oxford Drug Company here, and Treadwell's Yard to the south disappeared in the process.

In 1929 Pearson moved from his old shop at 50 Cornmarket Street and opened a new department store at 1–3 Broad Street in the western side of the newly built Boswell House, so he then owned shops on both sides of the corner. It was only in 1958, however, that an opening was made to join the two shops. They remained united as Boswell's, Oxford’s largest independent department store, until its closure in April 2020.

Both Boswell’s and the Oxford Drug Company were owned by the Pearson family from 1882 to 2020 (albeit that they were both each in different shops in Cornmarket until 1928).

Occupants of 31 Cornmarket Street listed in directories etc.

1839–1841

Ann Tredwell, Waggon & Van Office

1841–1857

Herbert & Embling, Cabinet Makers (W. Herbert in 1857)

1857–1880

Lowe & Heydon (1857)

J. S. Lowe, Furnishing & general ironmonger (by 1867)

1882–1912

A. Pearson (later Pearson & Co), Ironmonger

Shop rebuilt in 1912

1914–2020

The Oxford Drug Company, Chemists(“Arthur Pearson, M.A.” included in the description in 1921)
+ The Arcade Toy Stores in 1925
Linked to Boswell's in Broad Street from 1958

2021

Vacant

31 Cornmarket Street in the censuses

1841

Ann Tredwell (40), an office keeper, and Mary Tredwell, (20), a servant, lived here.

No one lived over this shop thereafter In 1851 it is described as a “House of business not slept in”. It is listed as uninhabited in 1861, 1881 and 1891 (and not listed at all in 1871), and in 1901 it was described as being uninhabited but in occupation.

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