24–25 Cornmarket

24 Cornmarket

                25 when it was a bank

25 Cornmarket                



Above This photograph taken in 2009 shows Burger King at 24–25 Cornmarket. This building was erected in 1911 for the Capital & Counties Bank



Left: The Capital & Counties Bank in the current building at 24–25 Cornmarket


Right: Burger King in the same building in February 2009.




Below: the buildings that stood at 24–25 Cornmarket until 1911

Luff's shop at 24 Cornmarket

The above picture shows the pair of matching shops that stood at 24 and 25 Cornmarket until 1911. In the nineteenth century, No. 24 on the right belonged to Luff the Chemist for over fifty years, while part of the left-hand building was the Anchor Inn.

The Anchor Inn was originally between 25 and 26 Cornmarket (i.e. between the present Burger King and Pret à Manger), and was numbered 25A. its name was sometimes lengthened to the Blue Anchor.

In the 1841 census it is named the Queen’s Arms, but this seems to have been temporary, probably reflecting the recent coronation of Queen Victoria.

In 1901 the Capital & Counties Bank moved into Luff’s old shop, and ten years later when the Anchor closed down at No. 25 on the left acquired that as well. Both shops were demolished in 1911 to make way for their new enlarged bank

Fuller’s Café (below) moved into the bank’s building in 1921, and it has been a café ever since. It is now Burger King.

Fuller's café

In the Censuses


No. 24: William Luff (30), a chemist lived here with his siblings Emma Luff (25) and Richard Luff (15). Two “independent” people also lived over the shop: Samuel Baker (53) and John Baker (16).

No. 25: Charles Irwin (30), a hair cutter, lived here with Elizabeth (35). Also in the household is apprentice Henry Fox (15), and independent lodger, and one female servant.

No. 25A: The “inn keeper” of the pub (surprisingly named the Queen’s Arms) is Benjamin Haslam (30), who lived here with Louisa (30) and Lavina (10, William (7), Mary (5), and Benjamin (3). There was one male and one female servant, and four other people who appear to be guests.


No. 24: William Luff (40), the chemist and druggist, still lived here. Born in Abingdon, he was married to Prudence (40) and they had four children: Prudence (7), Mary (6), William (5), and Ann (1), plus one female servant. Also living with them were an “on-liking as an apprentice” called William Dalrymple, and an undergraduate of Brasenose College

No. 25: James Sparrow (38), milliner & mercer, was living here with his wife Marianne (32) and his children Marianne (15), Emily (12), Henry (11), Fanny (9), Charles (7), Frank (6), and Caroline (4); they also had four female staff members (an apprentice, two assistant milliners, and an assistant dressmaker), and one house servant.

No. 25A: This is not listed in the census, suggesting the pub’s living accommodation had been taken over by the large household at No. 25.


No. 24 was occupied by William Luff (50). Born in Abingdon, he is described as a Chemist and Druggist, and was living over the shop with his wife Prudence (50) and their five children; Prudence (17), Mary (16), William (15), Ann (11), and Elizabeth (1), plus one house servant, a 19-year-old chemist’s apprentice, and a lodger who was a Commoner of Exeter College.

No. 25 was occupied by the saddler Henry Adams and his family.

No. 25A: The “inn keeper” of the “Anchor Inn” is William Nickols (74), a widower living here with his daughter Mrs Harriett Boucher (37), who is listed as a barmaid, and his granddaughter Emily Boucher (2). Nickols was the former landlord of the Star & Garter at 20 Cornmarket. Also living at the inn are a general porter, an ostler, a house servant, and a nursemaid. No. 25 is not listed in the census, suggesting no one actually lived there.


No. 24 was still occupied by William Luff (70). He was now a widower, living with his three unmarried daughters: Prudence (37) is simply described as a chemist’s daughter; Mary (36) as a student; and Elizabeth (30) as a housekeeper. They had one servant girl and a chemist’s assistant was boarding with them.

No. 25: The “Anchor” is now listed at the whole of 25 Cornmarket, and was much bigger. The “inn keeper”was George Strange (47), who lived here with his wife Charlotte (47), his son George (7), and stepdaughter Sarah Spencer (18). They had five boarders (an engine fitter, a porter, an inn ostler, and two seamstresses), and two lodgers (a charwoman and a 12-year-old schoolboy).

There are also two other households listed at the Anchor (possibly in the old building at No. 25A). These are Carey Wilkins, a waiter described as “head lodger” living with his charwoman wife, and their son and daughter, who are at school. Also listed as a “head lodger” is Catherine Bench, a charwoman, and her shoemaker son.

Occupants of 24, 25 and 25a Cornmarket listed in directories etc.


25a (behind left)

25 (left)

24 (right)


Blue Anchor Inn

Innkeepers (not subject to 19c university wine licence):

James Harrison (1823)
John Wharton (1830)
Thomas Morley (1841–1852)
William Nickols (1861)
Arthur Lloyd (1867)
A. Lloyd (1872)
George Strainge (1880–1884)
E. Dickens (1887)
John Baylis (1890–1902)

Charles IrwinHair cutter

William Luff


Fred. Irwin, Hair cutter


James Sparrow
Milliner & mercer (1851)

Mary Ann Sparrow
Milliner & Dressmaker (1852)


J. G. Miller
Working jeweller


Frederic Blagrove
Watch & clock maker,
jeweller, etc.


Frank Thomas Long


Clarence P. A. Morrison


Gillman & Son
Boot makers

Capital & Counties Bank

Nos. 24, 25, and 25A demolished in 1911


Capital & Counties Bank Ltd


Fuller’s Ltd., Confectioners

(with bootmakers Lambert in 1947 and Lotus & Delta Ltd in 1952)


Kardomah Restaurant




Huckleberry’s Ltd


Burger King

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© Stephanie Jenkins

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