CORNMARKET, OXFORD

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13–20 Cornmarket Street: Northgate House


Site of 13–20 Cornmarket StreetThe site of 13–20 Cornmarket Street on 4 December 2019, with a view through to Jesus College

13-20 Cornmarket Northgate House, which stood on this site from 1963 to 2019

In 1963 the eight shops at 13–20 Cornmarket ( in the parish of St Michael-at-the-Northgate Church) were replaced by the giant block shown above. Known as Northgate House, it was owned by Jesus College and stood on this site from 1963 to 2019..

In November 2016 Jesus College was granted a certificate of immunity to guarantee that there was no intention to list Northgate House, and then in August 2018 planning permission (18/00258/FUL) for the following:

“demolition of the existing building to ground level and the erection of a replacement building to provide replacement commercial units on the basement, ground and first floors, and new teaching facilities, ancillary accommodation and student fellows rooms on the upper floors for Jesus College.”

Oxford Mail, 2 March 2018:
REVEALED: New building on Cornmarket planned to create Oxford 'market quarter'

This page deals primarily with the block that stood here from 1963 to 2019. For a sub-tour giving details of the occupants of the eight original shops on this site (which included two old pubs: the Bell and the Star & Garter), follow this pointer: Next


1876 map

The 1876 map (left) shows the eight shops (Nos. 13–20) that stood on the site, with the inn towards the north being the White Hart at No. 21, which was also demolished.

The Star & Garter pub at No. 20 is marked P.H.

The Bell Inn at No. 18 to the south is marked Inn.

Former shops on this site

The old shops here are shown on the right in c.1905, running north from No. 13 on the corner of Market Street to No. 20 (next door to No. 21, marked BUOLS on the roof, which was the former White Hart Hotel).

In 1935 Nos. 18, 19 & 20 Cornmarket were demolished and replaced by a building occupied by Marks & Spencer. This shop was so popular that in 1939 the premises were extended northwards into the former Buol's Hotel at 21 Cornmarket.

In 1960 planning permission (60/10055/A_H) was granted to demolish these eight shops at 13–20 Cornmarket Street and replace them with a new block for Marks & Spencer. No. 21 was also rebuilt for Milward & Sons Ltd at this time.

Of the shops in Cornmarket Street that were demolished, Nos. 13–17 and 21 were relatively old buildings, but Nos. 18–20 was the store that had only been built for Marks & Spencer 25 years earlier in 1934–5.

There were other casualties of this huge new development in Market Street, namely the Crown & Thistle public house at No. 10 next to Jesus College, Nos. 11, 12, & 13 Market Streetwhich formed the side of the old 1935 Marks & Spencer store, and five more shops at Nos. 14–18 Market Street.


Northgate House

A photograph showing this massive new block that was built in the early 1960s can be seen in Julie Kennedy, The Changing Faces of Oxford City Centre, Book 1, p. 45 (with the earlier Marks & Spencer shop at Nos. 18–20 shown in the photograph above on the same page).

Marks & Spencer only remained in this new block for thirteen years, and in 1976 it swapped its premises with those of the Co-op in Queen Street.

From 1985 the Co-op only used the basement of the building as a food hall, and the ground floor was let out as separate shops (planning determination 84/00412/S; planning application 84/00844/NF; new shop fronts 84/00844/NF).

Occupants of Northgate House at 13–20 Cornmarket Street listed in directories

Date

Unit A
on left
Unit B
middle left
Unit C
middle right
Unit D
on right

1963–1976

Marks & Spencer Ltd

1976–1984

The Co-op moved here from Queen Street in 1976, after swapping buildings with Marks & Spencer

The ground floor was divided up into independent shop units in 1984,
but Co-op Food remained in the basement

1984–2007

South half  of
Next

Virgin Megastore

Miss Selfridge

Clinton Cards

2008–2009

Zavvi Music

Fat Face Clothes

Carphone
Warehouse

2011–2017

River Island

2017–2018

Vacant

American Candy

2018

Vacant except for Fat Face, pending the demolition of the building in 2019

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© Stephanie Jenkins

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